VATICAN CITY (AP) — Pope Francis declined Wednesday to approve the ordination of married men to address the shortage of priests in the Amazon, sidestepping a fraught issue that has dominated debate in the Catholic Church and involved retired Pope Benedict XVI.
In an eagerly awaited document, Francis did not even refer to recommendations by Amazonian bishops to consider the ordination of married men and women deacons. Rather, he urged bishops to pray for more priestly vocations and send missionaries to the region, where the faithful living in remote communities can go months or years without Mass.
Francis’ dodging of the issue disappointed progressives, who hoped he would at least put it to further study. And it relieved conservatives who have used the debate over priestly celibacy to heighten opposition to the pope, whom some have accused of heresy.
The document, "Beloved Amazon," is a love letter to the Amazonian rain forest and its indigenous peoples, penned by history's first Latin American pope. Francis has long been concerned about the violent exploitation of the Amazon's land, its crucial importance to the global ecosystem and the injustices committed against its peoples.
He addressed the document to all peoples of the world, "to help awaken their affection and concern for that land which is also ours and to invite them to value it and acknowledge it as a sacred mystery."
"Beloved Amazon" is in many ways a synthesized and focused version of Francis’ 2015 landmark environmental encyclical, "Praised Be," in which he blasted wealthy countries and multinational corporations for destroying the world's natural resources and impoverishing the poor for their own profit.
Francis said he has four dreams for the Amazon: that the rights of the poor be respected, their cultural riches celebrated, that the Amazon's natural beauty and life be preserved, and that its Christian communities show Amazonian features.
Francis convened bishops from the Amazon's nine countries for a three-week meeting in October to debate the ways the church can help preserve the delicate ecosystem from global warming and better minister to the region's people, many of whom live in isolated communities or in poverty in cities.
The Argentine Jesuit has long been sensitive to the plight of the Amazon, where Protestant and Pentecostal churches are wooing away Catholic souls in the absence of vibrant Catholic communities where the Eucharist can be regularly celebrated.
In their final document at the end of the October synod, the majority of bishops called for the establishment of criteria so that "respected" married men in their communities who have served as permanent deacons be ordained as priests.
In addition, the bishops called for the Vatican to reopen a study commission on ordaining women as deacons, a type of ministry in the church that allows preaching, celebrating weddings and baptisms, but not consecrating the Eucharist. Francis had created such a commission in 2016 at the insistence of religious sisters who want more say and roles in church governance and ministry, but the group ended its work without consensus.
Francis did not mention either proposal in "Beloved Amazon," and didn't cite the synod's final document in his text or in a single footnote. But he did say in his introduction that he wanted to "officially present" the synod’s work and urged the faithful to read it in full, suggesting that he at least valued the input.