MOSCOW (AFP) — Pro-Kremlin candidates suffered losses in a Moscow city election, results showed Monday, after a police crackdown on anti-government protests over the summer. But Kremlin-backed candidates dominated in other local and regional elections outside the capital.
Demonstrations broke out in Moscow this summer after top opposition figures were barred from standing in the city vote, and they widened in scope after a harsh response from authorities.
Kremlin-backed candidates previously held 38 of the Moscow assembly’s 45 seats, but after the Sunday election that figure was down to 25.
Opposition leader Alexei Navalny, who called the first summer protests after his allies were kept off the ballot, attributed the Kremlin’s losses to his “Smart Voting” plan.
The campaign called on Muscovites to back the politician, whatever their affiliation, most likely to beat a pro-Kremlin candidate.
The beneficiaries were the Communist Party — which took 13 seats, up from five — and the liberal Yabloko party and the left-leaning Just Russia, which each took three places.
The shakeup in the city parliament comes amid a stagnating economy, declining living standards and a fall in President Vladimir Putin’s approval ratings.
“We fought for this together. Thanks to everyone for their contribution,” Navalny said on Twitter after the Moscow results came in.
Lyubov Sobol, who emerged as a protest leader after she was blocked from running in the election, said the vote would go down in history, “thanks to the courage and perseverance of Muscovites, and the cowardice and meanness” of the city administration.
But Viktor Seliverstov, a lawmaker in Putin’s ruling United Russia party, played down the role of Navalny’s scheme.
“I don’t see the effect of this so-called tactical voting. Communists aren’t smart voting — Communists are Communists,” he told Russian media.
United Russia, formed in 2001 to support Putin, has seen its popularity collapse in recent years.
In Moscow, none of the pro-Kremlin candidates ran under its banner, but presented themselves as “independents.”
Kremlin-backed candidates won in all 16 regions where there were elections for governor.
Alexander Beglov, the gaffe-prone acting governor of Saint Petersburg, was elected to lead Russia’s second city after his main rival controversially withdrew a week before the vote.
Activists alleged irregularities at polling stations across the country, and videos emerged on social media of ballot-stuffing in Saint Petersburg and elsewhere.
The Kremlin also saw an upset in Far Eastern Khabarovsk, where the nationalist LDPR party took a majority in the city council. The region already has an LDPR governor.
Tens of thousands of people have taken to the streets of Moscow over the past few months calling for free and fair elections.
Police detained several thousand of them and while most were released quickly, some faced serious charges. In the week before the election, five were sentenced to jail time ranging from two to four years.
On election day, police detained several protest figures, including Maria Alyokhina of the political punk band Pussy Riot and Ilya Azar, a journalist and city councilor.
The results came as the United Nations human rights chief urged an investigation of excessive use of force by Russian police in response to the protests.
Analysts described the local vote as a test before national parliamentary elections due in 2021 both of the opposition’s ability to mobilize support and the authorities’ willingness to tolerate dissent.