BEIJING (AFP) — China on Wednesday warned that a "price must be paid" after the U.S. House of Representatives overwhelmingly passed legislation seeking sanctions against senior Chinese officials for the crackdown on mainly Muslim Uighurs in Xinjiang.
The legislation adds to tensions between the two superpowers as they are locked in negotiations on a "phase one" deal to resolve their multibillion-dollar trade war.
President Donald Trump had already angered Beijing after he signed legislation supporting pro-democracy protesters in Hong Kong, prompting China this week to impose sanctions on U.S.-based NGOs and suspend visits by U.S. warships to the semi-autonomous territory.
Hours after the Uighur Act of 2019 passed the House late Tuesday, the Chinese foreign ministry said the bill should not become law and issued an ominous warning: "For all wrong actions and words ... the proper price must be paid."
The legislation condemns Beijing's "gross human rights violations" in the northwestern region of Xinjiang, where more than 1 million Uighurs and other mostly Muslim minorities are being held in re-education camps.
The measure, which passed 407 to 1, is a stronger version of the bill that cleared the Senate in September. The texts must be reconciled into one bill for Trump's signature.
Republican Thomas Massie of Kentucky voted against the Uighur and Hong Kong bills.
The latest House measure condemns the arbitrary mass detention of Uighurs and calls for closure of the concentration camps where they are being held and abused.
The bill urges Trump to slap sanctions on Chinese officials behind the Uighur policy, including Chen Quanguo, the Communist Party chief for Xinjiang.
"Today the human dignity and human rights of the Uighur community are under threat from Beijing's barbarous actions, which are an outrage to the collective conscience of the world," House Speaker Nancy Pelosi told her colleagues shortly before the vote.
Congress "is taking a critical step to counter Beijing's horrific human rights abuses against Uighurs," she said.
Pelosi lashed out at Chinese authorities for orchestrating a crackdown that includes pervasive mass state surveillance, solitary confinement, beatings, forced sterilization "and other forms of torture."
When asked if the bill could affect trade talks, Hua did not directly answer the question.
But she said there was "no way this can have no effect on China-U.S. relations as well as the two countries’ cooperation in important areas."
In an earlier statement, Hua said the bill "wantonly smears China's efforts to eliminate extremism and combat terrorism" in Xinjiang.
The Chinese state-owned tabloid The Global Times quoted experts as saying Beijing will take "strong countermeasures," including releasing an "unreliable entity list" that could sanction and restrict some U.S. entities in the country and impose sanctions on U.S. officials.
Two huge leaks of official documents in November offered details about China's network of internment camps in Xinjiang.
Government papers obtained by the International Consortium of Investigative Journalists outlined the need to prevent escape, double-lock doors and constantly monitor detainees —even during toilet breaks.
The New York Times reported, based on internal papers it obtained, that Chinese President Xi Jinping ordered officials to act with "absolutely no mercy" against separatism and extremism in Xinjiang in 2014 after a deadly knife attack blamed on separatists.
Rights groups and witnesses accuse China of forcibly trying to draw Uighurs away from their Islamic customs and integrate them into the majority Han culture.
After initially denying the camps’ existence, Beijing cast the facilities as "vocational education centers" where "students" learn Mandarin and job skills to steer them away from religious extremism, terrorism and separatism.
The House bill would require the State Department to produce a report within one year on the crackdown in Xinjiang. And it would require the Commerce Department to ban U.S. exports to entities in Xinjiang that are known to be used in the detention or surveillance of Muslim minorities, including facial recognition technology.
Massie, the sole member of Congress to vote against both the Hong Kong and Uighur bills, said he did so because he considered the issues to be Chinese domestic affairs.
"When our government meddles in the internal affairs of foreign countries, it invites those governments to meddle in our affairs," he said in a tweet.
Republican Senator Marco Rubio of Florida warned that China's government and Communist Party are "working to systematically wipe out the ethnic and cultural identities" of Uighurs.
The Uyghur Human Rights Project, an advocacy group, said the U.S. action "paves the way for other countries to act" and "gives Uyghurs hope".
© Agence France-Presse