Worldwide Crises Will Test Trump at G-20 Summit

Osaka, Japan. (Robin Wolff photo via Pixabay)

OSAKA, Japan (AP) — President Donald Trump on Thursday began what is likely his most consequential overseas trip of the year, one that will present the “America First” president with a flurry of international crises, tense negotiations and a growing global to-do list.

Trump landed in Osaka, Japan, for the annual Group of 20 summit amid a tropical cyclone that is predicted to turn into a typhoon — a metaphor for the four days of high-stakes diplomacy that lie ahead. As his re-election bid heats up, Trump was eager to produce breakthroughs on a series of foreign policy challenges including the showdown between the United States and Iran, a trade war with China, the threat of fresh election interference by Russia and stalled nuclear talks with North Korea.

As he faces mounting pressures to deliver results, the president will meet one-on-one with at least eight world leaders on the summit’s sidelines, beginning with dinner with Australian Prime Minister Scott Morrison. The agenda for his four days in Asia is as laden with hazards for the president as it is light on the ceremonial pomp that marked his recent state visits to Japan and the United Kingdom.

But White House officials are playing down prospects of specific accomplishments in the president’s third international trip in a month, even as Trump himself said of his “competitors” from other nations: “That’s OK. We’re doing great. We’re doing better than any of them.”

The week was set up to deliver a remarkable split-screen dynamic in U.S. politics: While Trump is in Asia, the Democrats vying to replace him next year are holding their first primary debates. As Air Force One soared toward Japan, Trump delivered a succinct review on Twitter of part 1 of a two-night debate: “BORING!”

Later, Trump, ever the media critic, repeatedly mocked NBC for an audio malfunction that briefly interrupted the proceedings.

His itinerary in Osaka includes sit-downs with Russian President Vladimir Putin, Chinese President Xi Jinping, Turkey’s Recep Tayyip Erdogan and Saudi Crown Prince Mohammed bin Salman, all of whom have authoritarian tendencies, as well as disquieted allies including Germany’s Angela Merkel and more contented ones such as Japanese Prime Minister Shinzo Abe.

The summit will be a test of Trump’s go-it-alone style and his “America First” doctrine that has alienated traditional allies over disputes on defense spending and trade and set the United States apart from global consensus on how to deal with international concerns such as climate change and Iran’s nuclear program.

Trumo, who has shown little patience for the subtleties of global interactions and whose administration has struggled to grapple with simultaneous challenges, left Washington days after pulling back from the brink of armed conflict with Iran and as he trades threats over its nuclear program and support for terror groups.

With Iran threatening to breach uranium enrichment limits set in the 2015 nuclear accord as soon as Thursday, Trump will be asked to articulate his strategy for containing Iran to skeptical world leaders after pulling the United States from the deal last year.

Trump will also find himself face-to-face with Putin for the first time since special counsel Robert Mueller’s investigation ended without finding evidence that the Trump campaign criminally conspired with Russia during the 2016 election. It will be their first meeting since their summit in Helsinki in July 2018, when Trump declined to side with U.S. intelligence agencies over Putin on the question of election interference, leading to an uproar at home and abroad.

Trump told reporters as he left the White House that he expects a “very good conversation” with Putin, then added that “what I say to him is none of your business.” His aides have grown worried that Trump may use the meeting to attack the Mueller probe again, particularly since the special counsel now has a date to testify before Congress next month.

Last November, Trump canceled a planned meeting with Putin at the G-20 in Argentina after Russia seized two Ukrainian vessels and their crew in the Sea of Azov, but the continued detention of the crew members does not appear to be deterring the leaders from meeting this time. Aside from Iran, the leaders are expected to discuss hotspots in Syria and Venezuela, as well as nuclear weapons.

White House officials said there are no plans for a meeting in South Korea between Trump and North Korea’s Kim Jong-un, with whom the president has restarted diplomacy-by-correspondence since their failed Hanoi summit in March. But there was speculation that the president would make another attempt to travel to the Demilitarized Zone between the Koreas after fog prevented him from taking a helicopter there in November 2017.

Trump is to speak with South Korean President Moon Jae-in about efforts to bring North Korea back to the negotiating table for an elusive nuclear deal. Moon told The Associated Press and other news agencies Wednesday that the United States and North Korea are holding “behind-the-scenes talks” to arrange a third summit.

With Xi, a senior administration official said, Trump’s top aim will be rebooting trade negotiations between the two countries after they collapsed this year. In an interview with Fox Business Network on Wednesday, Trump threatened again to impose even stiffer tariffs on Chinese imports to the United States if talks remain stalemated. But officials in both nations are looking for an off-ramp as concerns mount about the economic impact of the yearlong trade war.

Trump will also meet with the Saudi crown prince, who U.S. intelligence services concluded ordered the grisly killing of Washington Post columnist Jamal Khashoggi, a U.S. resident. Despite the killing, Trump has continued to pursue a close relationship with Saudi Arabia, a linchpin to the U.S. Middle East strategy to counter Iran over its support of militant groups, its nuclear program and role in furthering humanitarian disaster in Yemen’s civil war.

On the eve of the trip, Trump showed a willingness to deliver broadsides at U.S. allies, questioning the fairness of a mutual defense treaty with Japan, a bedrock of the two nations’ alliance, while also tweeting a complaint about the tariffs India has placed on U.S. goods.

Never fully willing to pass up domestic politics, even when overseas, Trump will have to divide his attention between affairs of state and the debates. He will be in meetings with world leaders when Democratic frontrunner Joe Biden and others take the debate stage on Thursday night.

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