WASHINGTON (AP) — Turkish President Recep Tayyip Erdogan and President Donald Trump will meet as relations between the two NATO allies are at their lowest point in decades, with Turkey turning toward Russia on security issues and Ankara facing a Washington backlash over attacks on Kurdish civilians during its invasion of Syria.
Erdogan and Trump have a difficult agenda Wednesday that includes Turkey’s decision to buy a Russian air defense system and its attack on U.S.-allied Kurdish forces in northern Syria. Their scheduled afternoon news conference, however, will give Trump a stage to counter the first public hearings in the House impeachment inquiry.
Trump says Turkey has been a critical U.S. ally for decades, cites the economic upside to the relationship and maintains that the two countries have enough in common to overcome their differences.
Some in Congress say Erdogan should never have been invited to the White House in the first place.
The House in October overwhelmingly passed a bill to sanction senior Turkish officials and its army for the military incursion into Syria to fight the Kurds. Erdogan sees Kurdish forces in Syria as an extension of a separatist Kurdish group that’s been fighting inside Turkey since the 1980s.
In the Senate, two Democrats introduced legislation denouncing Turkey’s targeting of journalists, political opponents, dissidents, minorities and others. They said the Turkish government has imprisoned more than 80,000 Turkish citizens, closed more than 1,500 nongovernmental organizations and dismissed or suspended more than 130,000 civil servants from their jobs.
“This is not the time or place to be extending hospitality and exchanging niceties with a dictator,” said Sen. Jeanne Shaheen, a New Hampshire Democrat who sits on the Foreign Relations and Armed Services committees.
In October, Trump moved U.S. troops in Syria out of the way of invading Turkish troops, essentially abandoning America’s Kurdish allies to be attacked.
“It has upended what was an oasis of stability, damaged U.S. credibility and standing on the world stage and strengthened the hands of Russia, Iran” and the Syrian government of Bashar Assad, Shaheen said.
Trump administration officials said the president told Turkey not to invade Syria. But when Erdogan insisted, they said, Trump decided to move troops away from the Turkey-Syria border so they wouldn’t be caught in a crossfire between Turkish-backed forces and the Kurds.
A State Department official said Trump is not rewarding Erdogan with a White House visit but is conducting diplomacy. The official said high-level consultations are needed because of the volatile situation in Syria that has displaced tens of thousands of people.
Amnesty International recently released a report documenting killings, human rights violations and possible war crimes by Turkish-backed forces in northern Syria.
“There has been a callous disregard for civilian lives, including attacks on residential areas,” said Margaret Huang, executive director of Amnesty International USA. “Over 100,000 people have fled this offensive and there are fears that the displaced are not getting access to food, to clean water or to medical supplies.”
She said Trump must send a message to Erdogan that these actions and unlawful behavior must stop and those responsible be held accountable.
A senior State Department official said the United States is following up on reports of human rights violations and indiscriminate killings. The official was not authorized to discuss the issue publicly and spoke on condition of anonymity.
The U.N. High Commissioner for Human Rights has urged Turkey to investigate reported cases of summary executions committed by a Turkish-backed armed group in northern Syria. The U.N. cited video footage showing fighters with the Ahrar al-Sharqiya armed group filming themselves capturing and executing three Kurdish captives on a highway in northern Syria.
The State Department has looked into these killings and has asked Turkey to investigate. The Turks told the United States that the Syrians have set up a commission, the official said, but it’s unclear what, if any, action the panel will take.
Turkey reached truce agreements with Russia and the United States in October that halted the incursion and forced Kurdish fighters to retreat from Turkey’s southern border. But Erdogan claims the Kurds have not vacated border areas and says he will give Trump a list of attacks carried out by Mazloum Abdi, the commander of the U.S.-backed Syrian Kurdish-led force.
On the U.S. side, Trump will express concern about Erdogan’s purchase of the Russian S-400 air defense system. The United States and fellow NATO nations say the S-400 would aid Russian intelligence and compromise a U.S.-led fighter jet program.
The United States has kicked Erdogan out of a multinational program producing components of America’s high-tech F-35 fighter jet. In response, Erdogan attended an annual Russian air show this summer in Moscow and expressed interest in buying the latest Russian Su-35 fighter jets.
Trump has not decided whether to impose congressional sanctions on Turkey for the S-400 purchase.
During his visit, Erdogan will try to get Turkey back in the F-35 program and also try to end prosecution of a major Turkish bank, said Max Hoffman at Center for American Progress. Halkbank is accused of evading sanctions against Iran by moving billions of dollars of Iranian oil revenue illegally.
Birol Baskan, a scholar at the Middle East Institute, said Turkey needs the United States on its side to balance Russia and Iran’s interests in Syria. “The problem is, the U.S. seems not to be interested in doing that,” Baskan said.