(CN) – The U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service has initiated a status review of 12 parrot species to see if the species warrant listing under the Endangered Species Act.
Acting on a 2008 Petition from Friends of Animals, the Service found that the petition contained sufficient data to warrant the full review.
The 12 parrot species are: crimson shining parrot (Prosopeia splendens), great green macaw (Ara ambiguus), grey-cheeked parakeet (Brotogeris pyrrhoptera), hyacinth macaw (Anodorhynchus hyacinthinus), military macaw (Ara militaris), Philippine cockatoo (Cacatua haematuropygia), red-crowned parrot (Amazona viridigenalis), scarlet macaw (Ara macao), thick-billed parrot (Rhynchopsitta pachyrhyncha), white cockatoo (Cacatua alba), yellow-billed parrot (Amazona collaria), and the yellow-crested cockatoo (Cacatua sulphurea).
The 12 species face significant threats from degradation of habitat, capture for the international pet trade and low reproduction rates. In 1990 nearly 150,000 parrots were imported into the United States. After congress passed the Wild Bird Conservation Act of 1992 which restricted trade in birds considered endangered by other countries, the number of parrots imported fell to just 17,000 per year.
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