It’s the latest and most aggressive action North Korea has taken lately amid stalled negotiations over economic sanctions and nuclear weapons.
SEOUL, South Korea (AP) — North Korea blew up an inter-Korean liaison office building just north of the heavily armed border with South Korea on Tuesday in a choreographed display of anger that sharply raises tensions on the Korean Peninsula and puts pressure on Washington and Seoul amid deadlocked nuclear diplomacy.
The demolition of the building, which is on North Korean territory and had no South Koreans working there, is largely symbolic. But it’s the most provocative thing North Korea has done since it entered nuclear diplomacy in 2018 after a U.S.-North Korean standoff raised fears of war. It will pose a serious setback to the efforts of South Korean President Moon Jae-in to restore inter-Korean engagement.
North Korea’s official Korean Central News Agency said the nation destroyed the office in a “terrific explosion” because its “enraged people” were determined to “force (the) human scum and those, who have sheltered the scum, to pay dearly for their crimes,” apparently referring to North Korean defectors living in South Korea who for years have floated anti-Pyongyang leaflets across the border.
The agency did not detail how the office in the border town of Kaesong was destroyed.
South Korea’s government released a military surveillance video showing clouds of smoke rising from the ground as a building collapsed at a shuttered joint industrial park in Kaesong, where the liaison office stood.
South Korea expressed “strong regret” over the destruction and warned of a stern response if North Korea takes additional steps that aggravate tensions.
The statement, issued after an emergency National Security Council meeting, said the demolition is “an act that betrays hopes for an improvement in South-North Korean relations and the establishment of peace on the Korean Peninsula.” South Korea’s Defense Ministry separately said it closely monitors North Korean military activities and was prepared to counter any future provocation.
The North said last week that it was cutting off all government and military communication channels with the South and threatened to abandon bilateral peace agreements reached during North Korean leader Kim Jong-un’s three summits with Moon in 2018.
Some outside analysts believe the North, after failing to get what it wants in nuclear talks, will turn to provocation to win concessions because its economy has worsened because of U.S.-led sanctions and the coronavirus pandemic. North Korea may also be frustrated because the sanctions prevent Seoul from breaking away from Washington to resume joint economic projects with Pyongyang.
The South Korean response to Tuesday’s demolition was relatively strong compared to past provocations. Moon’s government has faced criticism that it did not take tough measures when North Korea performed a series of short-range weapons tests targeting South Korea over the past year.
Moon, a relative liberal who champions greater reconciliation with North Korea, shuttled between Pyongyang and Washington to help set up the first summit between Kim and President Trump in June 2018.
The liaison office has been shut since late January because of coronavirus concerns. The office, built with South Korean money, was opened in September 2018 to facilitate communication and exchanges. It was the first such office between the Koreas since they were divided into a U.S.-backed South Korea and a Soviet-supported North Korea at the end of the World War II in 1945. The office was a symbol of Moon’s engagement policy.
North Korea had threatened to demolish the office as it stepped up its fiery rhetoric over what it called Seoul’s failure to stop civilian leafleting. South Korea said it would take steps to ban the leafleting, but North Korea said the South Korean response lacked sincerity.
On Saturday night, Kim Yo Jong, the influential sister of North Korea’s leader, warned that Seoul will soon witness “a tragic scene of the useless North-South liaison office (in North Korea) being completely collapsed.” She said she would leave to North Korea’s military the right to take the next step of retaliation against South Korea.
The North has threatened to dismantle the shuttered Kaesong factory complex and abandon a 2018 bilateral tension-reduction agreement, which observers say could allow the North to trigger clashes along the land and sea borders.
Earlier Tuesday, North Korea’s military threatened to move back into unspecified border areas that have been demilitarized under agreements with South Korea and “turn the front line into a fortress.” Experts say this suggests North Korea may try to tear down factory buildings and equipment at Kaesong, mostly South Korean assets.
On Monday, Moon urged North Korea to stop raising animosities and return to talks, saying the two Koreas must not reverse the 2018 inter-Korean summit deals.
North Korea has a history of taking highly visual symbolic steps for political gains. It invited foreign journalists to watch the detonation of its underground nuclear testing tunnels in 2018 and the demolition of a cooling tower at its main nuclear complex in 2008. Both events were an attempt to show it was serious about denuclearization amid rampant skepticism about its commitment.
“It’s hard to see how such behavior will help the Kim regime get what it wants from the world, but clearly such images will be used for domestic propaganda,” said Leif-Eric Easley, a professor at Ewha University in Seoul.
Inter-Korean relations have been strained since the breakdown of a second summit between Kim and Trump in Vietnam in early 2019. That summit fell apart because of disputes over how much sanctions should be lifted in return for Kim’s dismantling his main nuclear complex, a limited denuclearization measure.
After the Vietnam summit, inter-Korean relations were strained again. Kim entered the new year vowing to expand his nuclear arsenal, introduce a new strategic weapon and overcome the U.S.-led sanctions that he said stifles his country’s economy.
By KIM TONG-HYUNG and HYUNG-JIN KIM