WASHINGTON (AFP) — As the United States grapples with the coronavirus pandemic, there is concern not only for the elderly but for another vulnerable population: prisoners.
The United States has the highest rate of incarceration in the world and experts have warned that infections could spread rapidly in the country’s crowded prisons.
Christopher Blackwell, 38, is serving a 45-year sentence for murder and robbery at a facility in Washington state, which has the most novel coronavirus deaths in the country.
In an article published by The Marshall Project, which advocates for criminal-justice reform, Blackwell said he was “not surprised” to learn last week that a prison employee had tested positive for COVID-19.
He said he was not reassured by the response of the Washington State Reformatory authorities.
“They posted signs down by the phones instructing us to put a sock — yes, like you wear on your foot — over the phone receiver before using it in order to avoid spreading germs,” Blackwell said.
Inmates have been advised to maintain cleanliness but alcohol-based hand sanitizer is banned and even rags are hard to come by, he said.
Blackwell was particularly worried about elderly inmates, including a friend in his 80s who he identified as “Bill.”
“Bill is one of the many prisoners currently under lockdown,” Blackwell said. “He and people like him are in severe danger.
“How can we protect people like Bill in a place many have referred to as a ‘tinderbox’ for a virus like COVID-19?” he asked.
The United States has some 2.2 million people behind bars, nearly one-fourth of the world’s entire prison population.
Civil rights groups, doctors and lawmakers have been sounding the alarm about the deadly potential of coronavirus spread behind prison walls.
Fifteen Democratic senators wrote a letter last week to the federal Bureau of Prisons asking what measures were being taken to protect inmates.
“Given the spread of the virus in the US — and the particular vulnerability of the prison population and correctional staff — it is critical that BOP has a plan,” they said.
Their appeal gained urgency this week with reports that guards have tested positive for coronavirus at Rikers Island and Sing Sing prisons in New York.
Federal prisons hold about 175,000 inmates; most of the U.S. prison population is housed in state facilities or local jails.
The American Civil Liberties Union sent letters to federal, state and local officials on Wednesday with recommendations for “immediate action.”
The ACLU called on governors to commute the sentences of prisoners considered “particularly vulnerable” to the virus whose prison terms are scheduled to end in the next two years.
It asked police to stop arresting people for minor offenses, prosecutors to seek pretrial detention whenever possible and judges to hold more hearings by telephone or video conference.
“Public health experts recognize that there is a heightened risk of infection for people who are involved in the criminal legal system,” said Udi Ofer, director of the ACLU’s Justice Division. “Downsizing the footprint of the criminal legal system should be a part of the COVID-19 public health response.”
Gregg Gonsalves, an assistant professor at the Yale School of Public Health, warned that prisons could be “ground zero for the pandemic.”
“It’s really a perfect storm of problems for the COVID outbreak and prisons in the U.S.,” Gonsalves said.
“And so what everybody is saying now is, try to make it more hygienic but you’ve got to lower the prison population.
“If you have elderly prisoners who are nonviolent offenders, let them leave the prison because it’s more dangerous for them inside than it is outside.”
For the moment, besides stressing cleanliness and isolating vulnerable prisoners, wardens also canceled prison visits.
That measure does not come without risks — 12 inmates died in prison riots in Italy and two in Jordan after similar restrictions were put in place. And five prisoners were killed trying to escape from a prison in Venezuela after visits were banned there.
Gonsalves described the situation as a “make or break moment for how we treat prisoners in the U.S.,” with the country confronted by a virus that does “not respect prison walls.”
© Agence France-Presse