MELBOURNE, Australia (AP) — Confirmed deaths from Covid-19 in the United States hit 150,000 Wednesday, by far the highest in the world. New infections and deaths are surging in the South and West. Also Wednesday, Brazil, the second most affected, surpassed 90,000 deaths.
Here is more pandemic news from around the world.
In Australia, the coronavirus hot spot Victoria state will make masks compulsory statewide after reporting a record 723 new cases on Thursday.
Masks have been mandatory in the state capital, Melbourne, and a neighboring semirural district for the past week. Victoria Premier Daniel Andrews said the measure will be extended starting Sunday.
Residents around the city of Geelong will not be allowed to have visitors in their homes from late Thursday.
The 723 new cases and a daily record 13 deaths exceeded the previous record of 532 cases set Monday.
“These numbers today are a reflection of increased cases in aged care,” Andrews said, referring to new infections in Melbourne’s nursing homes.
Melbourne and neighboring Mitchell Shire are halfway through a six-week shutdown, which Andrews said could be extended.
He said extending mandatory masks and banning visitors to homes are meant to keep the infection rate low in regional centers. “We need to jealously guard those low numbers,” Andrews said.
“As challenging as this is, it is within our control,” Andrews said. “All of us, as proud Victorians, if we follow the rules, if we play our part, then we can defeat this. We can drive these numbers down.”
Australian Prime Minister Scott Morrison said the weekslong lockdown was not giving the desired results. He said the additional restrictions, while necessary, will come at an impact to the economy. “But equally not containing these outbreaks will have that effect also,” he said.
India reported more than 50,000 new cases in 24 hours for the first time on Thursday, taking the national total to 1,583,792. The number of recoveries from the coronavirus also crossed 1 million as the recovery rate of 64.4% continues to improve. The Health Ministry reported another 775 deaths, driving total fatalities to 34,968. India has the world’s third-highest caseload after the United States and Brazil. The reported deaths in India, however, appear to show a far lower fatality rate at 2.23% than in the other two countries, though limits on testing make this uncertain.
China on Thursday reported another 105 confirmed cases of Covid-19, almost all of them in Xinjiang province. The northwestern region accounted for 96 of the cases, with five others in the northeastern province of Liaoning and one in Beijing. The remaining three were brought by Chinese travelers from overseas. While China has largely contained the virus in other parts of the country, the Xinjiang outbreak centered on the regional capital and largest city of Urumqi continued to grow, with 96 new cases. Authorities have locked down some residential communities in the city, restricted public transit and ordered widespread testing. Hong Kong is also struggling to contain its latest outbreak, with more than 100 new cases reported Thursday.
China is stepping up testing for Covid-19 in an attempt to get a handle on new outbreaks that have defied the country’s considerable success in containing the coronavirus that was first detected in the central city of Wuhan late last year. In the northeastern city of Dalian, authorities issued an open letter urging all 5.6 million residents to get tested after consecutive days of new cases. As of midnight Wednesday, samples had been collected from more than 4 million people, and a second round of tests is being launched in high-risk areas. Extensive testing has also been carried out in Urumqi, where more than 100 specialists from the Centers for Disease Control are investigating the outbreak.
In Hong Kong, leading epidemiologist Zhong Nanshan urged tests to be carried out on every one of the city’s 7.5 million residents after a new wave of infections that is adding around 100 new cases per day. The city’s Hospital Authority says it’s planning to adapt an exhibition center into a community treatment facility.
Vietnam on Thursday reported nine more cases of Covid-19, as the first outbreak in more than three months spread to cities and authorities said they cannot trace its source. The Health Ministry said eight of the new infections are from hot spot Da Nang, while the other case was confirmed in Hanoi in a man who returned from the coastal city. The outbreak has spread to five other cities and provinces with 43 cases reported since the weekend.
Dak Lak province is the latest to reimpose social distancing, close down nonessential services and ban public gatherings of more than 20 people. Da Nang neighbors Quang Nam and Quang Ngai have closed their beaches and limited businesses. Hanoi canceled public events, closed bars and clubs and plans to mass test some 21,000 people returning from Da Nang.
In Sri Lanka, authorities have decided to reopen schools on Aug. 10, nearly five months after they were shut because of the coronavirus. The Education Ministry said Thursday that all public and government-approved private schools will resume with social distancing measures. Students in grades 5, 10, 11, 12 and 13 will attend school every day because of the need to prepare for government examinations. Students in grades 1, 2, 3, 6, 7 and 8 will attend one day per week, while those in grades 4 and 9 will attend two days a week. This arrangement will continue until Oct. 9, when school holidays begin. The reopening comes as health authorities announced that the coronavirus is under control in Sri Lanka except for two clusters. The country has reported 2,811 cases, including 11 deaths.