BEIJING (AP) — China’s trade with the United States fell by double digits again in September amid a tariff war that threatens to tip the global economy into recession.
Exports to the United States, China’s biggest foreign market, fell by 21.9% to $36.5 billion, a deterioration from August’s 16% decline, customs data showed Monday. Imports of U.S. goods sank by 15.7% from the year before to $10.6 billion, an improvement over the previous month’s 22% fall.
President Trump agreed Friday to delay an additional tariff hike on Chinese imports planned for this week. In exchange, he said, Beijing agreed to buy up to $50 billion of U.S. farm goods. But there was no agreement on disputes over China’s trade surplus and technology policies that brought on the 15-month-old fight.
“The external environment facing China’s foreign trade development is still complicated and severe. Instability and uncertainty are increasing,” a Chinese customs agency spokesman, Li Kuiwen, said at a news conference.
Tit-for-tat tariff hikes on billions of dollars of each other’s goods have battered manufacturers and farmers on both sides and disrupted supply chains worldwide. Uncertainty has prompted some companies to postpone investments, adding to downward pressure on global growth and fueling financial market jitters.
China’s global exports fell by 1.4% from a year ago to $218.1 billion. Imports fell by 5.8% to $178.5 billion.
The slump adds to pressure on President Xi Jinping’s government to shore up slumping economic growth and prevent politically risky job losses.
Chinese growth fell to its lowest level in at least 26 years in the quarter ending in June, decelerating to 6.2% over a year earlier — still healthy growth for a mature economy.
Forecasters expect growth in the July-September quarter, due to be reported this week, to fall further to as low as 5.9%, sinking below the ruling Communist Party’s official target for the year of at least 6%.
“While import growth should start to recover soon, it will take longer before export growth bottoms out,” Martin Lynge Rasmussen of Capital Economics said in a report. “The mini U.S.-China trade deal reached on Friday doesn’t alter the outlook significantly.”
China’s sensitive trade surplus with the United States contracted by 16.5% from a year earlier, to $25.9 billion.
Because international trade goods for centuries have tended to flow to countries with the highest cost of living, whose people can afford to pay more, an international trade deficit is often a sign of economic strength, not weakness.
Increased exports to Britain and other European countries and developing markets such as Vietnam helped to offset some of the losses. China’s global trade surplus expanded by 42.2% to $39.7 billion.
For the first nine months of the year, Chinese imports of U.S. goods were off by 26.4% at $90.6 billion. Exports to the United States were off by 10.7% at $312 billion.
Trump put off a tariff hike planned for Tuesday on $250 billion of Chinese goods. But Washington still is planning a Dec. 15 tariff hike on $160 billion of smartphones and other imports.
Before then, Trump and Chinese President Xi Jinping are due to attend an economic conference in Chile in mid-November. That is raising hopes that a face-to-face meeting might produce progress.
Talks broke down in May over Beijing’s insistence that Trump’s punitive tariffs had to be lifted once a deal took effect. Washington says some must remain in place to ensure Chinese compliance. Trump and Xi agreed in June to resume negotiations but have announced no breakthroughs.
(Courthouse News contributed to this report.)