Thai Marine Biologist Pleads for Dugong Conservation Plan

An official with Thailand’s Department of Marine and Coastal Resources hugs the baby dugong Marium on Libong island, Trang province, southern Thailand, on May 23, 2019. Marine experts are hand-rearing the animal in hopes that it will be able to look after itself by the end of the year. (AP Photo/Sirachai Arunrugstichai)

BANGKOK (AP) — A top marine biologist has urged Thailand’s government to speed up conservation plans for the dugong, an imperiled sea mammal, after their death toll for the year in Thai waters has already climbed to a record 21.

Thon Thamrongnawasawat said on his Facebook page that the carcass of a dugong was found Tuesday off the southern province of Krabi. The young female apparently drowned after being caught in a fishing net, a common threat to the animals.

Experts believe only 250 dugongs are left in Thai waters.

Thon, who has served on a government environment and development committee, says a three-year master plan for dugong conservation is awaiting Cabinet approval.

“We have lost too much this year, I have hope we can get what we ask for and will be able to start the program soon,” Thon wrote.

The plan is called the “Marium Project” after the name given a rescued ailing baby dugong who became celebrated in Thailand after images of veterinarians embracing and feeding her with milk and seagrass spread across social media.

She died two months ago despite the intensive care, and her demise was believed due to shock — she was thought to have been chased and attacked by a larger male dugong during mating season — and ingesting plastic waste. A large amount of plastic waste was found in her intestine, which led to gastritis and blood infection.

Dugongs are a species of marine mammal similar to a manatee and can grow to about 11 feet in length. They are listed as a vulnerable species by the International Union for Conservation of Nature and are protected under Thai law.

The aquatic mammals do have their fans among Thai fishermen.

Suthep Khanchai is the founder of the Dugong Conservation group based on Libong Island in the southern province of Trang.

He said by phone that he and his fellow villagers were saddened by the dugong deaths, and when they heard about the latest one, he called a community meeting to ask people to refrain from using fishing nets harmful to the animals, even if they are legal.

Members of his group already monitor areas where there is a lot of seagrass, the dugongs’ main diet, he said.

“I am a fisherman but I love dugongs. They are beautiful,” Suthep said. “I hope that my great-grandchildren can see dugongs in their habitats just like we do, and we have to start helping them now.”



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