NEW DELHI, India (AFP) — India’s parliament saw raucous scenes on Monday and protests raged in the northeast of the country as MPs debated legislation that would give citizenship to religious minorities from neighboring countries, but not Muslims.
To Muslim organizations, rights groups and others, the bill forms part of Prime Minister Narendra Modi’s agenda — which he denies — of marginalizing India’s 200-million-strong Islamic minority.
The Citizenship Amendment Bill provides that Hindus, Sikhs, Buddhists, Jains, Parsis, and Christians fleeing persecution in Muslim-majority Afghanistan, Bangladesh and Pakistan can be granted citizenship.
Modi’s government tried to enact the contentious legislation during its first term but the bill could not pass the upper house, where his Bharatiya Janata Party and its allies lack a majority.
Shashi Tharoor, of the opposition Congress Party, told parliament amid angry exchanges that the bill “infringes upon the principle of equality before law” guaranteed to all people, including noncitizens.
The bill would amend the Citizenship Act of 1955, which prohibits undocumented immigrants from applying for Indian citizenship.
Under Modi, the Islamic-sounding names of several cities have been changed, and some school textbooks have been altered to downplay Muslims’ contributions to India.
In August his administration rescinded the partial autonomy of Jammu and Kashmir, India’s only Muslim-majority state, and split it in two.
On Monday, 100 scientists and scholars at institutions in India and abroad published a joint letter expressing their “dismay” at the legislation.
They said that India’s constitution declares the nation will treat all faiths equally.
But Modi’s “proposed bill would mark a radical break with this history and would be inconsistent with the basic structure of the constitution,” they said.
The letter said such a careful exclusion of Muslims would “greatly strain” India’s pluralism.
The government defended the bill, saying it is aimed at flushing out infiltrators, and that Muslims did not face persecution in the three neighboring countries.
“This bill is not even 0.001% against minorities. It is against infiltrators,” Home Minister Amit Shah said in parliament’s lower house.
He has proposed a “national register of citizens” that would see “each and every infiltrator identified and expelled” from India by 2024.
The citizenship bill has led to protests in India’s northeastern states, where residents are unhappy about an influx of Hindus from neighboring Bangladesh.
In Guwahati in Assam state protestors set fire to tires, and tribal groups staged protests in Tripura.
On Monday, prominent political groups opposing the bill called for a complete shutdown across all the states in the northeast on Tuesday.
© Agence France-Presse