KAYSVILLE, Utah (AP) — For decades, the Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints was one of Boy Scouts of America's greatest allies and the largest sponsor of troops. But on Jan. 1, it will deliver the latest blow to the struggling organization when it pulls out more than 400,000 Scouts and moves them into a new global program of its own.
The change brings excitement and some melancholy for members of the faith and may push the Boy Scouts closer to the brink of bankruptcy, as it faces a wave of sex-abuse lawsuits.
Losing the church will mean about an 18% drop in Boy Scout youth membership compared with last year's numbers and will be the first time since the World War II era that the figure will fall below 2 million. At its peak in the 1970s, more than 4 million boys were Scouts.
Wayne Perry, a church member and a past president of Boy Scouts of America and still a member of its national board, said the end of the long-term alliance will sting and force many regional councils in the Western United States to lay off employees and sell some camps.
However, Perry said he hopes the Boy Scouts can eventually bring back at least 20% of the Latter-day Saints Scouts who liked the experience and want to keep pursuing merit badges in activities ranging from camping and lifesaving to citizenship.
The church's new youth program will weave in camping and other outdoor activities in parts of the world where that's feasible, but without uniforms or a chance to earn the coveted Eagle Scout rank, which was long seen as a milestone for teenage boys in the church. The focus will be squarely on religion and spiritual development, with youths working toward achievements that earn them rings, medallions and pendants inscribed with images of church temples.
Perry understands why the Mormon church wants a program it can use worldwide, because more than half its members live outside the United States and Canada. But he predicts that a heavy emphasis on the Gospel may leave some young church members who already go to two-hour church services each Sunday and other Bible studies longing for Boy Scouts.
"One of the advantages we always had with Scouting is that it wasn't churchy," Perry said. "They were getting the Scout oath and the Scout law, which are incredibly compatible with the church's philosophies and views, but they weren't reading out of the Book of Mormon.
"I think there will be a boomerang effect as parents see that there is still a place for Scouting."
The split between the Boy Scouts and church ends a nearly century-old relationship between two organizations that were brought together by shared values but have diverged in recent years. Amid declining membership, the Boy Scouts of America opened its arms to openly gay youth members and adult volunteers as well as girls and transgender boys, while the Mormon church believes that same-sex intimacy is a sin.
"The reality there is we didn't really leave them; they kind of left us," high-ranking church leader M. Russell Ballard said about the split.
His comment upset Boy Scout officials, Perry said, because the organization went to great lengths to ensure the faith still had robust religious liberty protections after the Scouts welcomed openly gay troop members and leaders — even allowing the church to craft the language.