Italy’s Political Crisis Personified in Boat Full of Refugees

A man reads the Quran aboard the Open Arms Spanish humanitarian boat as it arrives near Lampedusa coast in the Mediterranean Sea on Thursday. (AP photo/Francisco Gentico)

ROME (AP) — A humanitarian boat carrying 147 refuge-seekers rescued at sea was anchored in choppy waters Thursday near a southern Italian island while the country’s interior and defense ministers sparred over its fate, reflecting Italy’s escalating political crisis.

Two weeks after rescuing immigrants in the Mediterranean Sea off Libya, the Spanish rescue ship Open Arms entered Italian territorial waters after an Italian court overruled a ban on it by right-wing Interior Minister Matteo Salvini.

Salvini responded by renewing his ban against Open Arms entering Italian waters and docking at the island of Lampedusa to disembark its passengers, but Defense Minister Elisabetta Trenta refused to countersign it.

“Day 14. We see land. Lampedusa,” tweeted Open Arms.

Trenta said she acted “listening to my conscience.”

“We can’t forget that behind the polemics of these days there are children and youths who suffered violence and every kind of abuse,” she said in a statement. “Politics can’t lose humanity.”

Salvini responded in a tweet: “Italians need a strong government, that doesn’t allow timidity when the security and borders of the homeland are at stake.”

The squabbling between Salvini, who leads the right-wing League party, the government’s junior partner, and Trenta, who is from the 5-Star Movement, the senior coalition party, reflects exploding political tensions that have put Prime Minister Giuseppe Conte’s 14-month-old government on the verge of collapse.

Salvini says Italy has already received hundreds of thousands of people rescued at sea in recent years who have applied for asylum. He insists that other European Union nations accept more immigrants, most of whom, he says, are fleeing poverty and are not eligible for refugee status.

The Spanish government said it will take some of the refugees on the ship provided other European nations do so too.

“Our country is ready to take part in a balanced distribution of the immigrants aboard the ship,” the office of caretaker Prime Minister Pedro Sánchez said.

Salvini’s League stokes fears that immigrants are to blame for crime and feeds resentment among his voter base against Brussels for its lack of solidarity, since EU rules hold that immigrants must apply for asylum in the country where they first set foot.

Salvini is openly campaigning to be Italy’s next premier even though no new elections have been set. He seized upon the Open Arms stalemate, the latest in a series of standoffs, to blame Italy’s immigrants’ plight on the previous center-left governments led by the Democratic Party (PD), now Parliament’s biggest opposition force.

“It’s thanks to this presumed concept of ‘humanity’ that in years of the PD governments that Italy became the refugee camp of Europe,” Salvini said on Facebook.

Maneuvering this week among Italy’s political leaders has raised the possibility of the 5-Stars forging an alliance with the Democrats to thwart Salvini’s quest for the premiership.

Salvini’s League last week lodged a no-confidence vote against government, precipitating the country’s political crisis. Conte, who will address the Senate on Tuesday, would be forced to resign if the no-confidence motion succeeds.

If any deal between the 5-Stars and the Democrats lines up enough support in Parliament for an alternative ruling coalition, Italy’s president could hold off on dissolving Parliament and avoid a new election this fall.

Salvini has vowed to appeal the court ruling on the ship, but with Thursday a national holiday it was unclear if or when a decision could be made.

“One can’t understand why an Italian judge can allow it to enter our waters” after the boat was previously in Maltese waters, Salvini tweeted.

Italian RAI state radio said two navy ships, which report to Trenta’s ministry, are nearby to evacuate the children, a day after Conte asked Salvini to allow them to leave the ship.

Even as the fighting over Open Arms played out, another refugee rescue boat drama loomed.

The Ocean Viking, a Norwegian ship operated by Doctors Without Borders and SOS Mediterranée, was awaiting word where it can safely disembark 356 people whom it plucked to safety from traffickers’ unseaworthy boats. So far it has appealed to Italy and Malta in vain.

A UNICEF regional official urged immediate action to let at least the children on the rescue boats land.

“It is unconscionable that once again politics have been prioritized over saving the lives of children who are stranded on the Mediterranean Sea,” Afshan Khan said, noting that the two ships had 130 children and “only 11 of the 103 children aboard the Viking Ocean are accompanied by a parent or guardian.”

The U.N. refugee agency has urged European governments to step forward and agree to take those stranded on the rescue boats.

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