LILONGWE, Malawi (AFP) — Malawi’s Supreme Court on Wednesday began hearing an appeal by President Peter Mutharika against the cancellation of his re-election following polls held in the southern African nation last May.
Admitting electoral laws were flouted during last year’s vote in the Supreme Court, Mutharika’s lawyer said the breaches did not materially prejudice anyone.
The Constitutional Court in February annulled the results of the May 2019 poll and ordered a re-run, citing “grave” and “widespread” irregularities including the use of correction fluid on tally sheets.
Mutharika appealed against the landmark ruling, accusing the court of bias against him.
His lawyer, Samuel Tembenu, admitted correction fluid was used but said that no votes were altered.
“There was no evidence to state that votes were taken from one candidate and given to another,” he told a full bench of seven Supreme Court judges.
He said the Constitutional Court loosely used the term “irregularities” loosely.
“They were merely breaches of the electoral law,” he said.
The hearing has been set down for two weeks, judiciary spokeswoman Agnes Patemba told AFP.
In his appeal papers, Mutharika said the judges had “erred in law” and asked the Supreme Court to reverse the judgement.
The president described the ruling as “a serious miscarriage of justice and an attack on the foundations of the country’s democracy”.
A new election has been set for July 2, although it could be delayed by the appeal and the coronavirus outbreak.
The Malawi Electoral Commission (MEC) also appealed the Constitutional Court ruling on similar grounds.
MEC chairwoman Jane Ansah said the court had overstepped its powers by ordering parliament to amend electoral laws ahead of a new vote.
Mutharika has refused to give his assent to the proposed amendments, notably one that requires a more than 50 percent majority to secure a win.
That threshold is a major sticking point for the incumbent, who had been declared winner with just 38.5 percent of the vote.
Runner-up Lazarus Chakwera, the leader of the main opposition Malawi Congress Party (MCP), came a close second on 35.4%, losing by just 159,000 votes.
The MCP has since partnered with the United Transformation Movement (UTM) to maximize their chances of unseating the president.
UTM leader and the country’s vice president Saulos Chilima came third with 20% of the votes.
It is the first time a presidential election has been challenged on legal grounds in Malawi since independence from Britain in 1964.
The court ordered a fresh election within 150 days, as well as an investigation into the conduct of the electoral commission.
Both Mutharika and the MEC have made various attempts to delay the process.
Ansah claims that organizing an election would require more time and has suggested October 28 as the new polling date.
Meanwhile, Malawi’s Chief Justice Andrew Nyirenda on Monday turned down two South African lawyers hired by the MEC for the appeal case.
Nyirenda argued that the lawyers would not have been physically present in court, as they were unable to travel to Malawi because of coronavirus travel bans.
The hiring of the South African lawyers — who were set to charge around $43,000 for their services — had caused uproar among Malawian lawyers and opposition parties.
© Agence France-Presse
by Jack McBRAMS