Japan Appeals Court Order to Recognize ‘Black Rain’ Victims

Saki Morioki, 5, looks at paper lanterns floating along the Motoyasu River in front of the Atomic Bomb Dome in Hiroshima, western Japan, last Thursday as Japan marked the 75th anniversary of the atomic bombing of Hiroshima. The official lantern event was cancelled to the public due to coronavirus but a small group of local representatives released some lanterns. (AP Photo/Eugene Hoshiko)

TOKYO (AP) — Japan’s government and the city of Hiroshima have appealed a court ruling ordering them to certify dozens of people who were exposed to radioactive “black rain” in the aftermath of the 1945 U.S. atomic bomb attack.

The appeal comes after the Hiroshima District Court for the first time on July 30 recognized the “black rain” victims outside of a government-set physical boundary used as a basis for deciding survivors’ eligibility for medical benefits. Both the city and the prefectural government joined the appeal.

Health Minister Katsunobu Kato said Wednesday that the government appealed because the ruling was “not based on sufficient scientific evidence.”

Kato said, however, that his department will start its own scientific examination to consider expanding the “black rain” zone in Hiroshima to address the request from city and prefectural officials.

The court ruled that 84 plaintiffs who were outside the zone had developed radiation-induced illnesses and should be certified as atomic bomb victims.

The U.S. dropped the world’s first atomic bomb on Hiroshima on Aug. 6, 1945, killing 140,000 people and almost destroying the entire city. A second U.S. atomic attack on Nagasaki killed another 74,000 before Japan’s surrender on Aug. 15, ending World War II.

The Hiroshima plaintiffs were in areas northwest of ground zero, where radioactive “black rain” fell hours after the bomb was dropped.

They have developed illnesses such as cancer and cataracts linked to radiation after they were exposed to the rain, not only that which fell but also by consuming water and food in the area that was contaminated.

The plaintiffs and their supporters asked Hiroshima not to appeal. City officials had indicated their intention to accept the ruling, but Mayor Kazumi Matsui said Wednesday that they could not reverse the government decision to appeal.

By MARI YAMAGUCHI Associated Press

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