Immigration Opens Fault Lines for 2020 Democrats

WASHINGTON (AP) — Bernie Sanders is adding his support to a call by some of his fellow presidential hopefuls for decriminalizing illegal border crossings, a proposal that’s exposing deep ideological divides in the Democratic primary and may prove politically treacherous in the general election.

Sen. Bernie Sanders’ immigration plan would decriminalize crossing the border without documents, making it a civil offense in many cases. (AP photo/Charlie Neibergall)

The Vermont senator released a detailed immigration policy proposal on Thursday, writing, “Unauthorized presence in the United States is a civil, not a criminal, offense.” He vowed to repeal laws that put “border crossings on par with other forms of immigration violations, such as overstaying a visa.”

Massachusetts Sen. Elizabeth Warren called in July for repealing the criminal prohibition against crossing the border, promising in her own immigration plan to “immediately issue guidance to end criminal prosecutions for simple administrative immigration violations.” South Bend, Indiana, Mayor Pete Buttigieg has suggested he’d support making illegal border crossings civil offenses, but not in cases in which “fraud is involved,” a key caveat. Former Vice President Joe Biden hasn’t fully backed decriminalization of illegal border crossings, saying during a July presidential debate, “If you cross the border illegally, you should be able to be sent back. It’s a crime.”

Actually, that’s uncertain. Under law, a person may apply for refugee status at a U.S. consulate in his or her country. If granted, he or she enters the United States legally, as a refugee. Political asylum is a similar status, for which one may apply after entering the United States without proper documents.

The issue illustrates another important fault line between relative moderates like Biden and Buttigieg and those White House candidates willing to embrace progressive values, like Sanders and Warren. Still, grappling with decriminalization could be a tough sell for Democrats after the primary when their nominee will face voters who may disagree with President Trump’s hard-line U.S.-Mexico border policies — he leads cheers of “Finish the wall!” at his rallies — but worry about moving too far in the other direction.

“The problem with decriminalizing undocumented crossings is it fulfills the Republican narrative that Democrats want open borders, and that will be an absolute killer for us in November,” said Colin Strother, a Texas Democratic strategist who lived for years along the Rio Grande.

In Thursday’s plan, Sanders also promised to use executive orders to halt construction of the border wall, to put a moratorium on deportations until federal policy can be audited, and allow people seeking political asylum to remain in the country while their claims are processed rather than being sent to Mexico or elsewhere. And he vowed to break up the Department of Homeland Security.

Sanders said he was taking back an issue that should be about humanitarianism and not viewed through the national security prism it often has been since the Sept. 11 terrorist attacks — nor used to stoke racist fears for political gain, as he said Trump has done.

His advisers shrugged off concerns that decriminalizing undocumented border crossings may make their campaign, or those of other Democrats, seem soft on immigration.

“As sure as the sun coming up tomorrow, Trump will still be racist,” Sanders national policy director Josh Orton said. “But Bernie will never waver from his commitment to a humane and rational immigration system, which is supported by the overwhelming majority of Americans.”

Even as Trump, who has denied being racist, makes immigration a centerpiece of his reelection strategy, it has largely been overshadowed in the Democratic primary by other issues such as universal health coverage under “Medicare for All.” It was championed by two White House hopefuls from Texas, one of whom has already dropped out of the race and another who may do so soon.

In April, former Obama Housing Secretary Julián Castro became the first Democratic presidential hopeful to release a comprehensive immigration plan and to support making crossing the border without documents a civil rather than criminal offense. But Castro is winding down his presence in the key early state of New Hampshire and isn’t likely to qualify for the debate later this month in Georgia, raising questions about how much longer he can continue.

One of his campaign’s best moments came during the July debate when he scolded former Texas Rep. Beto O’Rourke — who hails from the border city of El Paso and spoke frequently about immigration — for not being willing to decriminalize undocumented border crossings. O’Rourke abandoned his once-promising White House bid last week.

Strother noted that the Obama administration set records for the number of immigrants it deported, and that Biden and other top 2020 Democrats have tried to distance themselves from that, calling it too harsh.

“I think that over the years as a party, in a rush to try and satisfy the middle, we’ve bought into the Republican narrative and even adopted the Republican narrative a little too much,” he said. “But we can’t go too far in the other direction.”

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