WASHINGTON (AP) — About half of all working Americans report some kind of income loss affecting themselves or a member of their household due to the coronavirus pandemic, with low-income Americans and those without college degrees especially likely to have lost a job, according to a new poll from The Associated Press-NORC Center for Public Affairs Research.
Sixty percent of Americans say the national economy is “poor,” an alarmingly swift reversal from the 67% who called it “good” in January. The spike in pessimism followed a stock market collapse and the closures of businesses around the country as regular economic activity has been halted in an attempt to limit the number of Covid-19 deaths to hundreds of thousands instead of millions.
The income losses include pay cuts, unpaid time off and reduced hours, as well as lost jobs, with 23% of adults who had work when the outbreak started saying they or a member of their household have since been laid off. One-third of those in households making less than $50,000 a year say they or a household member have lost their job.
“It’s terrible and it’s going to get worse,” said Bill Ardren, 75, a retired community college vice president in Minnesota. “The stock market is down. Unemployment is up. Stores are shutting down. I don’t see any bright lights in the economy right now.”
The AP-NORC survey results come as the Labor Department said Thursday a record 6.6 million Americans sought jobless benefits last week, a doubling of the previous record set the week before. Those figures suggest the United States lost about 6% of its 152 million jobs in half a month.
Samantha Lafitte, 30, of Moody, Texas, was furloughed from her job as a nurse at a clinic. She will still draw some pay over the next two weeks, so she and her husband have some time before any pressures build.
“But in three weeks, I won’t be paid anything,” said Lafitte, the mother of two children, 11 and 2. “It does put on a financial strain.”
Despite Covid-19’s pocketbook impact on millions of Americans, as well as their overall pessimism about the economy, the poll found majorities remain confident about their personal finances — as well as President Trump’s handling of the economy.
“We’re at a bump in the road right now,” said Chip McEwen, 64, who worked in financial services and drives a charter bus in his semiretirement in Montgomery, Alabama. “If the Covid-19 weren’t here, we would be rocking and rolling.”
A solid 62% of Americans say their own financial situation is good, down only slightly from 67% in January. People are also more likely to believe their financial situation will get better than get worse, 39% to 19%. Still, the percentage expecting a worsening situation for their personal finances is up slightly from 12% in January.
Opinions about the economy are still shaped by political beliefs — a sign of the persistent divisions that have defined the Trump era. Negative views have increased among Republicans, from 10% who called the economy poor in January to 35% now. They are now the overwhelming views among Democrats, up from 47% in January to 81% now.
The outbreak cut short a cruise Ardren was taking with his wife, causing them to disembark early in Australia. A critic of the president, Ardren said his experience abroad led him to see Trump as putting the world at risk by not cracking down earlier on the outbreak.
“People in Australia ask what’s going on in the U.S. and how come we’re doing all this stupid stuff,” he said. “If the U.S. is goofy, they’re in trouble — they know that.”
Yet most Americans still feel confident in Trump’s economic leadership. He received a 56% approval rating on the economy, significantly higher than his overall approval rating of 43%.
Ross Turner, a 75-year-old surveyor and engineer from Spanish Fork, Utah, thinks Trump has done “pretty well” in dealing with the economy and keeping the public informed. He’s inclined to vote for the president in November, after not backing him in 2016.
“The idea of having a daily briefing — they’re trying to be transparent about things,” Turner said.
Nick Macrina, 29, was let go in March from his job as a server at El Cortijo in Burlington, Vermont. He’s been told the job should return in May. The added unemployment benefits should help as he continues to study to be an herbal clinician. But a lot will depend on how long the downturn lasts.
“It’s helpful that we’re at least getting something for support,” he said. “But is it enough? It’s hard to say.”
The AP-NORC poll of 1,057 adults was conducted March 26-29 using a sample drawn from NORC’s probability-based AmeriSpeak Panel, which is designed to be representative of the U.S. population. The margin of sampling error for all respondents is plus or minus 4.1 percentage points. Margin of error means that if the poll were taken again, the results would be expected to be within 4.1% of the first poll.