Greece Uses Violence to Keep Refugees Out

KASTANIES, Greece (AP) — Greek authorities fired tear gas and stun grenades Wednesday morning to repulse refugees trying to cross its land border from Turkey, as pressure continued on its frontier after Turkey said its own border with Europe was open to whomever wanted to cross.

Clashes came near the border village of Kastanies, along a fence that covers much of the land border not demarcated by the Evros River.

A baby cries as refugees gather by a river in Edirne, Turkey, near the Greek border on Wednesday. (AP photo/Darko Bandic)

Turkey made good on a threat to open its borders and send refugees into Europe last week. President Recep Tayyip Erdogan’s action triggered days of violent clashes and scenes of chaos at the land border, where thousands of refugees have gathered.

Hundreds more have headed to Greek islands from the nearby Turkish coast in dinghies. One child died when the rubber dinghy he was in capsized off the Greek island of Lesbos this week.

The government called the situation a direct threat to Greece’s national security and imposed emergency measures to carry out swift deportations and freeze asylum applications for one month. Emigrants have been summarily pushed back across the border into Turkey.

Turkey’s announcement that it wouldn’t stop those wishing to cross into Europe came amid a Russia-backed Syrian government offensive into northwestern Idlib province, where Turkish troops are fighting.

The offensive has killed dozens of Turkish troops and sent nearly 1 million Syrian civilians toward Turkey’s sealed border. Oleg Zhuravlev, head of the Russian military’s coordination center in Syria, said Tuesday the claims about a humanitarian crisis in Idlib were false.

Zhuravlev said Turkish authorities were “herding” about 130,000 refugees, who were in temporary camps near the Turkey-Syria border, toward the border with Greece. He said most were not from Syria.

On Greece’s land border with Turkey, Greek authorities said Turkish police were firing tear gas at the Greek border and the authorities guarding it, and supplied video they said backed their assertion.

Turkey accused Greece of mistreating refugees.

“Greece treats refugees horribly and then turns around to blame Turkey,” Fahrettin Altun, the communications director of Turkey’s presidency, tweeted Tuesday night. “This is the kind of double standards and hypocrisy we have gotten used to over the years. The country that just suspended temporary protection and tear gassed migrations has no moral authority to speak of!”

Refugees hold their babies by a river in Edirne, Turkey, at the Greek border on Wednesday. (AP photo/Darko Bandic)

In an address to legislators from his ruling party Wednesday, Erdogan called on Greece and other European nations to respects emigrants’ rights. He showed a photograph depicting Greeks who found refuge in Syria in 1942, saying: “Greeks who try all kinds of methods to keep refugees away from their countries — from drowning them at sea to shooting at them with bullets — should not forget that they may need to be shown the same mercy someday.”

He accused EU countries of hypocritical behavior, saying they had rushed to Greece’s help “with money, boats and soldiers” to prevent a new influx of refugees but ignored Turkey’s plight dealing with 3.7 million Syrian refugees on its territory.

European Council head Charles Michel was scheduled to meet with Erdogan in Ankara Wednesday, while EU Vice President Josep Borrell and Commissioner for Crisis Management Janez Lenarcic will hold talks with Turkish Vice President Fuat Oktay.

Top EU officials, including Michel and European Commission head Ursula von der Leyen, visited the Greek border area Tuesday with Greek Prime Minister Kyriakos Mitsotakis, who said Turkey “has systematically encouraged and assisted tens of thousands of refugees and migrants to illegally enter Greece.”

Greek authorities said there were about 15,000 people along the Greek-Turkish land border Wednesday. They said that between Saturday morning and Wednesday morning, they had blocked 27,832 attempts to cross the border, and had arrested 220 people who managed to cross.

Von der Leyen expressed support for Greece, noting the border wasn’t just a national one but an external border of the EU. Those trying to cross into Greece had “been lured by false promises into this desperate situation,” she said.

Ankara has come under harsh criticism from some European countries.

“The people are being used by President Erdogan as a political football, as weapons and as instruments of pressure on the European Union,” Austrian Chancellor Sebastian Kurz said Tuesday.

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