Colombian Rebels, Still Under Attack, Return to Arms

BOGOTA, Colombia (AFP) — A former senior commander of the dissolved FARC rebel army in Colombia said Thursday he is taking up arms again along with other guerrillas who have distanced themselves from a historic peace accord signed with the government.

Colombia’s inaccessible sierras provide ideal conditions from which to wage guerrilla warfare. (Jorge Guillen photo/Pixabay)

“We are announcing to the world that the second Marquetalia has begun,” Ivan Marquez, dressed in green military fatigues, said in a video posted on YouTube, referring to a rural enclave considered a birthplace of the FARC in the 1960s.

The FARC political party has cited the murders of 140 former guerrillas, and 31 of their family members, since the peace accord was signed.

Colombia’s conservative President Ivan Duque responded by saying he would send a special army unit to hunt down Marquez and other holdouts, who he said were backed by Venezuela’s socialist President Nicolás Maduro.

The Special Jurisdiction for Peace, a court tasked with judging crimes committed during Colombia’s half-century of armed conflict, announced that arrest warrants for Marquez and others, which were suspended as part of the peace process, are back in effect.

Marquez accused the government of betraying the hard-fought accord under which most of the FARC’s 7,000 fighters had laid down their weapons after half a century of armed conflict.

The whereabouts of Marquez, the Marxist FARC’s number two leader and chief negotiator of the 2016 peace agreement, had been unknown for more than a year.

“It’s a very worrying announcement,” the Colombian government’s peace commissioner Miguel Ceballos said.

“There is no surprise for the national government. Unfortunately, these people had already made clear, by their behavior, that they turned their backs on the peace accord,” Ceballos told Colombia’s Blu Radio.

In the 32-minute video, Marquez appears in the Colombian jungle flanked by 17 men and women holding rifles. Behind them is a yellow FARC banner.

Marquez said the government had cheated in the implementation of the accord, unilaterally changed its wording and failed to provide legal guarantees for former fighters, among other offenses.

All this, he said, “forced us to return to the field,” Marquez said. “We were never defeated ideologically. Therefore, the fight continues.”

The FARC will coordinate with Colombia’s last active rebel group, the National Liberation Army, “and those comrades who have not folded up their flags,” he said.

Duque said he had ordered a special military unit “with reinforced intelligence, investigation and mobility capabilities” to be set up to track down the group.

“Colombians must be clear that we are not facing a new guerrilla, but facing the criminal threats of a gang of narco-terrorists who have the shelter and support of the dictatorship of Nicolás Maduro,” the Colombian president said.

Actually, both sides in Colombia’s long civil war — the leftist guerrillas and right-wing landowners and their death squads — supported and armed themselves through the drug trade.

Duque’s comments were backed by Venezuela’s opposition leader Juan Guaidó, who accused Marquez of using Venezuelan territory and Maduro’s protection “to threaten our sovereignty,” after a phone conversation with the Colombian leader.

Caracas rejected the allegations, with Maduro’s right-hand man Diosdado Cabello saying: “What does Venezuela have to do with it?”

Marquez and a fugitive rebel colleague, Jesus Santrich, have distanced themselves from the 2016 peace agreement.

Santrich, who went underground this year after the United States sought to have him extradited on drug charges, also appeared in the video.

Although most of the FARC fighters laid down weapons to return to civilian life, around 2,300 have refused to do so.

These rebels get by mainly through drug trafficking and illegal mining, according to Colombian military intelligence.

Duque said Thursday the group was cloaking its criminal activity with “false ideological clothing.”

With United Nations support, the peace accord ended the insurrection by the Revolutionary Armed Forces of Colombia and turned it into a political party called the Common Alternative Revolutionary Force, which uses the same FARC acronym.

While the peace accord has not ended violence in the country — other left-wing rebels, right-wing paramilitaries and drug traffickers are still waging their battles — it has helped to reduce it.

Duque was elected last year with a promise to modify the accord, which he considers too lenient on ex-fighters guilty of serious crimes.

The FARC political party, meanwhile, has denounced delays in the application of the accord as well as a lack of legal guarantees and security for its members.

The FARC political party that arose from the rebel army under the peace accord said it regretted the announcement from Marquez.

Party president Rodrigo Londoño, who went by the nom de guerre Timochenko during the war, called it a “low blow.”

He said most former FARC soldiers still believe in the peace accord, but others are wavering and might buy into what Marquez is doing, Londoño said.

“It could hurt us,” he said on Colombian radio.

Former president Juan Manuel Santos, who won the Nobel peace prize for bringing about the accord, defended it and insisted most former FARC members still believe in it.

“We must come down hard on deserters. The battle for peace does not stop,” Santos tweeted.

© Agence France-Presse

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