WASHINGTON (CN) – The U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service has determined that the salmon-crested cockatoo is at risk of extinction throughout its entire range primarily due to extensive logging and conversion of forests to agricultural lands.
Because the cockatoo is not endemic to the United States, protection under the Endangered Species Act is limited to encouraging nations to develop conservation programs for their endemic endangered species and creating special rules on domestic commerce of endangered species.
The agency has proposed to adopt a rule requiring a special permit to import or export salmon-crested cockatoos if the specimens were taken from the wild after Jan. 18, 1990. Captive-bred importation is allowed if it is authorized under Convention on International Trade in Endangered Species of Wild Fauna and Flora (CITES) and the Wild Bird Conservation Act and export is authorized under CITES.
In addition to logging, the cockatoo also is threatened by uncontrolled, illegal trapping for the domestic and international pet trade where the bird is in high demand due to its ability to mimic human speech.
The agency requests data and comments from the public on this proposed listing and special rule.