LA PAZ, Bolivia (AP) — Residents in several Bolivian cities are reporting food and gasoline shortages because of protests by supporters of President Evo Morales, who resigned and fled to Mexico after a disputed election and nationwide unrest.
Bolivia’s interim government said Monday that its efforts to resupply La Paz faced challenges because demonstrators cut off some transport routes. The new leadership is struggling to open dialogue with opponents, after the shooting deaths of nine pro-Morales coca growers during a confrontation with security forces Friday in the central town of Sacaba.
On Monday, Morales’ supporters in Sacaba threw rocks at police, who fired back with tear gas.
Furious over the shootings in Sacaba, backers of Morales demanded the resignation of Jeanine Áñez, Bolivia’s self-proclaimed interim president. She was a Senate vice president thrust into prominence after the resignations of senior leaders in Morales’ administration.
Bolivian church leaders announced plans to begin talks Monday involving U.N. envoy Jean Arnault. They appealed for the participation of Morales’ Movement Toward Socialism party and said topics would include new elections and calls for a new election panel. Former President Carlos Mesa, who finished second to Morales in the disputed Oct. 20 election, said he would participate.
The new hydrocarbons minister, Víctor Hugo Zamora, told Bolivia’s ATB television that a gasoline supply convoy was having difficulty reaching the city because of roadblocks and ditches dug by protesters.
Many shops in La Paz were closed and the few that opened were charging double the normal price, resident Guillermina Chura said.
“What are we going to give to our families if things continue this way?” Chura asked.
Vendor Ana Gonzáles said she had packed up her vegetable stand in the street because she had nothing to sell.
“What am I going to live from?” Gonzáles said.
She said Morales should take steps to calm the situation. So far, Morales has remained defiant, condemning the interim government and saying he was ousted in a coup.
Blockades around the major city of Santa Cruz have disrupted commerce. Producers said fruit and vegetables were rotting on trucks that have been unable to reach markets.
Bolivia’s pro-Morales faction has set up the blockades as part of a concerted effort to destabilize the interim government, said Alberto Bonadona, an economic analyst and professor at the Higher University of San Andrés.
At least 23 people have been killed in violence that erupted after the October presidential election, according to the public defender’s office.
Morales, Bolivia’s first indigenous president, claimed victory after the vote, but opponents alleged fraud and mass protests erupted. An international audit concluded there were election irregularities, and Morales resigned on Nov. 10 after losing the support of the security forces. He went to Mexico, which gave him asylum.
On Monday, thousands of Morales supporters demonstrated in the Argentine capital of Buenos Aires, partly blocking a main thoroughfare as they denounced a “coup d’état” and demanded that the leader be returned to power.
Buenos Aires has a large Bolivian community, and many attended the protest bearing their country’s national flag as well as the wiphala flag, which represents some indigenous people. Union workers and other left-wing groups also participated.
Bolivia’s crisis has exposed racial, ethnic and geographic divides that some thought had been largely overcome during the nearly 14 years of Morales’ administration as well as the introduction of a more inclusive constitution.
Some analysts say the movement to remove Morales was an urban middle-class revolt against the former president’s efforts to hang onto power. Others call it a right-wing, military-backed coup, all too common in South American history.
Since Morales’ departure, racist discourses and regional rivalries have re-emerged in a nation divided between a wealthier, more European-descended lowland east and an indigenous, poorer, highland west.