PARIS (AFP) — An official report rapped French energy giant EDF on the knuckles Monday for lacking a "culture of quality," as reflected in huge delays and price overruns at a nuclear plant it has been building for more than a decade.
The report was presented to EDF's largest shareholder, the French government, which called for an urgent "plan of action" to improve standards at the company and get the much-needed plant online.
The delays at the Flamanville site in northern France come on top of a massive cost overrun at the Hinkley Point nuclear project EDF is building in Britain and a decade-long delay to the Olkiluoto plant in Finland.
EDF's European Pressurised Reactor reactor in Flamanville is now seven years late and costs have more than tripled to $13.7 billion.
Earlier this month, the company said fixing faulty welding on the Flamanville reactor will add $1.6 billion to the already swollen price tag.
When Electricite de France began work on the reactor in 2007 it targeted a launch date of 2012. It is now eyeing 2022.
Presented by Jean-Martin Folz, ex-boss of car-maker PSA, Monday's audit report highlighted a loss of competence at EDF and slammed the company for lacking a "culture of quality."
Economy Minister Bruno Le Maire said the report underscored "an unacceptable lack of rigor" at EDF.
He ordered the company to put in place an action plan within a month to bring its nuclear project to the "highest levels".
EDF chief executive Jean-Bernard Levy, at the same press conference, said he accepted the findings and vowed the company would "redouble its efforts" to boost skill levels.
Folz said that in spite of the problems, the EPR project has successfully demonstrated the "relevance" of the new technology.
The EDF's board a few months ago discussed abandoning the Flamanville project but the French state still supports the build despite frustration with the delays.
The project was meant to showcase the third-generation EPR reactor technology that EDF has sold to Britain and Finland.
In September, EDF announced that an EPR reactor it is building on Britain's south coast would also be delayed, and cost between $2.4 billion to $3.7 billion more than initially estimated.
A similar EPR third generation nuclear power plant project in Olkiluoto in Finland is now 10 years behind the initial schedule.
The government acknowledges the delays risk severely denting France's international reputation as a reliable provider of nuclear energy technology.
Folz said EDF would need to embark on a massive investment and recruitment drive, which was only possible if the government commits to "stable, long-term programmes for the construction of new reactors and the maintenance of the existing fleet."
The state is considering building more reactors but Environment Minister Elisabeth Borne insisted Monday a decision cannot be taken before EDF has demonstrated the effective running of the EPR.
France relies on nuclear power for 72% of its electricity needs. The government wants to reduce this to 50% by 2035 by developing more renewable energy sources.
The government has said it would shut 14 of 58 reactors, spread across 19 power plants, by 2035.
But France, by far the country most reliant on nuclear energy, has no intention of phasing this source out altogether, like Germany.
The nuclear sector provides jobs for nearly a quarter of a million people.
Two reactors in Fassenheim in the east of the country are still online despite a 40-year lifespan that expired two years ago.
Last year, a parliamentary report highlighted failings in the safety and defences of the country's nuclear plants, citing a series of shutdowns at sites around the country.
© Agence France-Presse
by Marie HEUCLIN
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